Bird watching trips in Gambia

The Gambia has become a birdwatchers Haven with over 540 differnt species. we offer a whole wide range of Tours and Birdwatching trips in Gambia and keep the numbers to the minimum to be more personal and familiar ,we have a team of dedicated birdwatching enthusiasts to accompany you on your trip in Gambia.

This is a list of the bird species recorded in The Gambia. The avifauna of The Gambia includes a total of 576 species, one of which has been introduced by humans and two of which are globally threatened. The country, which is very small and almost completely surrounded by Senegal, has no endemic species.


Order: Podicipediformes

Grebes are small to medium-sized diving birds. They breed on fresh water, but often visit the sea whilst migrating and in winter. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers; however, their feet are placed far back on their bodies, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 19 species worldwide. Of these, one species has been recorded in The Gambia.
  • Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis


Order: Procellariiformes

Shearwaters are medium-sized, long-winged seabirds. Highly pelagic, they come ashore only to breed, nesting on islands and rocky cliffs. They generally glide low above the water on stiff wings, and feed on fish, squid and similar oceanic food. There are 23–27 species worldwide. (Some experts split Audubon's Shearwater into several distinct species, while others consider those distinctive forms to be subspecies.) Of these, 13 species have been recorded in Africa, and two in The Gambia.
  • Manx Shearwater, Puffinus puffinus
  • Little Shearwater,, Puffinus puffinus



Storm petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically whilst hovering or pattering across the water. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.
  • Wilson's Storm Petrel, Oceanites oceanicus
  • Leach's Storm Petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa
  • European Storm Petrel, Hydrobates pelagicus


Order: Pelecaniformes

Tropicbirds are medium-sized seabirds found primarily in tropical oceans; they typically come ashore only to breed. They are predominantly white, with elongated central tail feathers. When hunting for the flying fish (and occasional squid) they feed on, they hover above the water, then plunge dive in after their prey. There are three species worldwide, one of which has been recorded in The Gambia.
  • Red-billed Tropicbird, Phaethon aethereus




Pelicans are very large water birds with distinctive pouches under their beaks. Found along both inland and coastal waterways, they are primarily fish-eaters. Many species hunt in groups, chasing fish into shallow waters and then scooping them up in their huge bills, but one plunge-dives after prey. They nest colonially.
  • Great White Pelican, Pelecanus onocrotalus
  • Pink-backed Pelican, Pelecanus rufescens

Gannets and boobies

Order: Pelecaniformes

Gannets and boobies are large seabirds with long beaks and long, pointed wings. They eat fish, which they hunt by plunge-diving from heights of up to 30 m and chasing their prey underwater. They nest colonially on islands and along coasts, either on the ground or in trees. There are ten species worldwide; of these six have been recorded in Africa, and two in The Gambia.
  • Northern Gannet, Morus bassanus
  • Brown Booby, Sula leucogaster




Order: Pelecaniformes

Cormorants are medium to large seabirds, found primarily along the coast, but occasionally ranging some way inland in aquatic environments. Their plumage is generally dark, though most species have areas of brightly coloured skin on the face. They are primarily fish eaters. Their bills are long, thin, and sharply hooked and their four-toed feet are webbed. Because their plumage is only semi-waterproof, they often stand out of the water with their wings outstretched to dry out their feathers. There are 39 species worldwide; of these, 11 have been reported in Africa and two in The Gambia.
  • Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Long-tailed Cormorant, Phalacrocorax africanus


Order: Pelecaniformes

Darters are large waterbirds, found primarily in fresh and brackish water habitats. Because their plumage is not entirely waterproof, they often stand out of the water with their wings outstretched, drying off. Darters are strongly sexually dimorphic; males generally have much darker plumage than do females. They eat primarily fish, which they catch by diving from the water's surface. There are two to four species worldwide (some taxonomists lump all the Old World species as Anhinga melanogaster, while others treat them separately); of these, one has been recorded in Africa, and in The Gambia.
  • African Darter, Anhinga rufa




Order: Pelecaniformes

Frigatebirds are large seabirds typically found soaring over tropical oceans. They have long wings and a deeply forked tail; their plumage is either black (males) or black-and-white (females and young). Males have inflatable coloured throat pouches, which are used in courtship. Frigatebirds spend most of their time in the air. They are kleptoparasites, and often chase other seabirds to get them to drop their catches of fish; they also scoop fish from the water's surface. There are five species worldwide; of these four have been reported in Africa, and one in The Gambia.
  • Magnificent Frigatebird, Fregata magnificens

Herons, egrets and bitterns

Order: Ciconiiformes

Herons, egrets and bitterns are long-legged birds typically associated with wetlands; herons and egrets are long-necked, while bitterns tend to be shorter-necked and quite secretive. Birds in this family often wade in shallow waters, preying on various aquatic organisms (including fish and frogs) as well as reptiles, amphibians and the occasional small bird. In flight, they hold their neck retracted in a gentle S-curve. There are 61 species worldwide; of these, 29 occur in Africa, and 18 in The Gambia.
  • Grey Heron, Ardea cinerea
  • Black-headed Heron, Ardea melanocephala
  • Goliath Heron, Ardea goliath
  • Purple Heron, Ardea purpurea
  • Black Heron, Egretta ardesiaca
  • Intermediate Egret, Egretta intermedia
  • Western Reef Heron, Egretta gularis
  • Little Egret, Egretta garzetta
  • Squacco Heron, Ardeola ralloides
  • Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
  • Striated Heron, Butorides striata
  • Black-crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
  • White-backed Night-heron, Gorsachius leuconotus
  • White-crested Bittern, Tigriornis leucolophus
  • Little Bittern, Ixobrychus minutus
  • Dwarf Bittern, Ixobrychus sturmii
  • Great Bittern, Botaurus stellaris




Order: Ciconiiformes

Hamerkops are medium-sized, all-brown wading birds named for their hammer-headed appearance, which is created by the combination of their shaggy backwards-pointing crests and their heavy black bills. Typically found in wetland areas, they forage in shallow water for amphibians, small fish, crustaceans, insects, worms and small mammals. They build enormous, complex nests—which they generally use for only a matter of months—and occupy their territories year-round. There is only a single species, which is found in The Gambia.
  • Hamerkop, Scopus umbretta


Order: Ciconiiformes

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills. They occur in most of the world's warmer regions and tend to live in drier habitats than herons, to which they're closely related. They build large stick nests, and sometimes nest colonially. Many species are migratory. Most storks eat a variety of small vertebrates and invertebrates; some eat carrion. There are 19 species of storks worldwide; of those, eight have been recorded in Africa and seven in The Gambia.
  • Yellow-billed Stork, Mycteria ibis
  • Black Stork, Ciconia nigra
  • Abdim's Stork, Ciconia abdimii
  • Woolly-necked Stork, Ciconia episcopus
  • White Stork, Ciconia ciconia
  • Saddle-billed Stork, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis
  • Marabou Stork, Leptoptilos crumeniferus

Ibises and spoonbills

Order: Ciconiiformes

  • Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis aethiopicus
  • Hadada Ibis, Bostrychia hagedash
  • Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus
  • Eurasian Spoonbill, Platalea leucorodia
  • African Spoonbill, Platalea alba




Order: Phoenicopteriformes

  • Greater Flamingo, Phoenicopterus roseus
  • Lesser Flamingo, Phoenicopterus minor

Ducks and geese

Order: Anseriformes

  • Fulvous Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna bicolor
  • White-faced Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna viduata
  • Egyptian Goose, Alopochen aegyptiacus
  • Spur-winged Goose, Plectropterus gambensis
  • Comb Duck, Sarkidiornis melanotos
  • African Pygmy Goose, Nettapus auritus
  • Common Teal, Anas crecca
  • Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  • Garganey, Anas querquedula
  • Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  • Common Pochard, Aythya ferina
  • Ferruginous Duck, Aythya nyroca
  • Tufted Duck, Aythya fuligula


Order: Falconiformes
  • Osprey, Pandion haliaetus



Kites, vultures, hawks and eagles

Order: Falconiformes
  • African Cuckoo-Hawk, Aviceda cuculoides
  • European Honey-buzzard, Pernis apivorus
  • Bat Hawk, Macheiramphus alcinus
  • Black-winged Kite, Elanus caeruleus
  • African Swallow-tailed Kite, Chelictinia riocourii
  • Red Kite, Milvus milvus
  • Black Kite, Milvus migrans
  • African Fish Eagle, Haliaeetus vocifer
  • Palm-nut Vulture, Gypohierax angolensis
  • Hooded Vulture, Necrosyrtes monachus
  • Egyptian Vulture, Neophron percnopterus
  • White-backed Vulture, Gyps africanus
  • Rueppell's Vulture, Gyps rueppellii
  • Eurasian Griffon, Gyps fulvus
  • Lappet-faced Vulture, Torgos tracheliotus
  • White-headed Vulture, Trigonoceps occipitalis
  • Short-toed Snake Eagle, Circaetus gallicus
  • Beaudouin's Snake Eagle, Circaetus beaudouini
  • Brown Snake Eagle, Circaetus cinereus
  • Western Banded Snake Eagle, Circaetus cinerascens
  • Bateleur, Terathopius ecaudatus
  • Western Marsh Harrier, Circus aeruginosus
  • Pallid Harrier, Circus macrourus
  • Montagu's Harrier, Circus pygargus
  • African Harrier Hawk, Polyboroides typus
  • Lizard Buzzard, Kaupifalco monogrammicus
  • Dark Chanting Goshawk, Melierax metabates
  • Gabar Goshawk, Micronisus gabar
  • Red-chested Goshawk, Accipiter toussenelii
  • African Goshawk, Accipiter tachiro
  • Shikra, Accipiter badius
  • Red-thighed Sparrowhawk, Accipiter erythropus
  • Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus
  • Black Goshawk, Accipiter melanoleucus
  • Grasshopper Buzzard, Butastur rufipennis
  • Common Buzzard, Buteo buteo
  • Long-legged Buzzard, Buteo rufinus
  • Red-necked Buzzard, Buteo auguralis
  • Tawny Eagle, Aquila rapax
  • Wahlberg's Eagle, Aquila wahlbergi
  • African Hawk-Eagle, Aquila spilogaster
  • Booted Eagle, Aquila pennatus
  • Martial Eagle, Polemaetus bellicosus
  • Long-crested Eagle, Lophaetus occipitalis

Secretary Bird

Order: Falconiformes
  • Secretary Bird, Sagittarius serpentarius


Order: Falconiformes
  • Lesser Kestrel, Falco naumanni
  • Common Kestrel, Falco tinnunculus
  • Fox Kestrel, Falco alopex
  • Grey Kestrel, Falco ardosiaceus
  • Red-necked Falcon, Falco chicquera
  • Red-footed Falcon, Falco vespertinus
  • Eurasian Hobby, Falco subbuteo
  • African Hobby, Falco cuvierii
  • Lanner Falcon, Falco biarmicus
  • Barbary Falcon, Falco pelegrinoides
  • Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus



Francolins, quail and partridges

Order: Galliformes
  • Common Quail, Coturnix coturnix
  • White-throated Francolin, Francolinus albogularis
  • Ahanta Francolin, Francolinus ahantensis
  • Double-spurred Francolin, Francolinus bicalcaratus
  • Stone Partridge, Ptilopachus petrosus


Order: Galliformes
  • Helmeted Guineafowl, Numida meleagris


Order: Gruiformes
  • Small Buttonquail, Turnix sylvatica
  • Quail-plover, Ortyxelos meiffrenii


Order: Gruiformes
  • Black Crowned Crane, Balearica pavonina

Crakes, gallinules and coots

Order: Gruiformes
  • White-spotted Flufftail, Sarothrura pulchra
  • African Crake, Crecopsis egregia
  • African Water Rail Rallus caerulescens
  • Black Crake, Amaurornis flavirostris
  • Little Crake, Porzana parva
  • Baillon's Crake, Porzana pusilla
  • Spotted Crake, Porzana porzana
  • Purple Swamphen, Porphyrio porphyrio
  • Allen's Gallinule, Porphyrio alleni
  • Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
  • Lesser Moorhen, Gallinula angulata
  • Eurasian Coot, Fulica atra


Order: Gruiformes
  • African Finfoot, Podica senegalensis




Order: Gruiformes
  • Arabian Bustard, Ardeotis arabs
  • Denham's Bustard, Neotis denhami
  • White-bellied Bustard, Eupodotis senegalensis
  • Savile's Bustard, Eupodotis savilei
  • Black-bellied Bustard, Lissotis melanogaster


Order: Charadriiformes
  • African Jacana, Actophilornis africanus

Painted Snipes

Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Rostratulidae
  • Greater Painted Snipe, Rostratula benghalensis


Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Haematopodidae
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher, Haematopus ostralegus

Stilts and avocets

Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Recurvirostridae
  • Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus
  • Pied Avocet, Recurvirostra avosetta



Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Burhinidae
  • Senegal Thick-knee, Burhinus senegalensis
  • Spotted Thick-knee, Burhinus capensis


Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Glareolidae
  • Egyptian Plover, Pluvianus aegyptius
  • Cream-colored Courser, Cursorius cursor
  • Temminck's Courser, Cursorius temminckii
  • Bronze-winged Courser, Rhinoptilus chalcopterus
  • Collared Pratincole, Glareola pratincola

Lapwings, plovers and dotterel

Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Charadriidae

Lapwings, plovers, and dotterels are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, generally in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide; of these, 33 species have been recorded in Africa, and 15 in The Gambia.
  • Northern Lapwing, Vanellus vanellus
  • Senegal Lapwing, Vanellus lugubris
  • Spur-winged Plover, Vanellus spinosus
  • Black-headed Plover, Vanellus tectus
  • White-headed Plover, Vanellus albiceps
  • Wattled Lapwing, Vanellus senegallus
  • American Golden Plover, Pluvialis dominica
  • Eurasian Golden Plover, Pluvialis apricaria
  • Grey Plover, Pluvialis squatarola
  • Ringed Plover, Charadrius hiaticulas
  • Little Ringed Plover, Charadrius dubius
  • Kittlitz's Plover, Charadrius pecuarius
  • Forbes's Plover, Charadrius forbesi
  • White-fronted Plover, Charadrius marginatus
  • Kentish Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Eurasian Dotterel, Charadrius morinellus



Sandpipers, curlews, stints, godwits, snipes, and phalaropes

Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Scolopacidae
  • Jack Snipe, Lymnocryptes minimuss
  • Great Snipe, Gallinago media
  • Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago
  • Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa limosa
  • Bar-tailed Godwit, Limosa lapponica
  • Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
  • Eurasian Curlew, Numenius arquata
  • Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus
  • Common Redshank, Tringa totanus
  • Marsh Sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis
  • Common Greenshank, Tringa nebularia
  • Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
  • Green Sandpiper, Tringa ochropus
  • Solitary Sandpiper, Tringa solitaria
  • Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola
  • Terek Sandpiper, Xenus cinereus
  • Common Sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos
  • Ruddy Turnstone, Arenaria interpres
  • Red Knot, Calidris canutus
  • Sanderling, Calidris alba
  • Little Stint, Calidris minuta
  • Temminck's Stint, Calidris temminckii
  • Baird's Sandpiper, Calidris bairdii
  • Curlew Sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea
  • Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  • Purple Sandpiper, Calidris maritima
  • Ruff, Philomachus pugnax
  • Red-necked Phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus
  • Grey Phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius


Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Stercorariidae
  • Pomarine Skua, Stercorarius pomarinus
  • Arctic Skua, Stercorarius parasiticus


Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Laridae
  • Common Gull, Larus canus
  • Audouin's Gull, Larus audouinii
  • Kelp Gull, Larus dominicanus
  • Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus fuscus
  • Yellow-legged Gull, Larus michahellis
  • Grey-headed Gull, Larus cirrocephalus
  • Black-headed Gull, Larus ridibundus
  • Slender-billed Gull, Larus genei
  • Mediterranean Gull, Larus melanocephalus
  • Laughing Gull, Larus atricilla
  • Franklin's Gull, Larus pipixcan
  • Little Gull, Larus minutus
  • Black-legged Kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla




Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Sternidae
  • Gull-billed Tern, Gelochelidon nilotica
  • Caspian Tern, Hydroprogne caspia
  • Lesser Crested Tern, Sterna bengalensis
  • Sandwich Tern, Sterna sandvicensis
  • Royal Tern, Sterna maxima
  • Roseate Tern, Sterna dougallii
  • Common Tern, Sterna hirundo
  • Arctic Tern, Sterna paradisaea
  • Little Tern, Sternula albifrons
  • Whiskered Tern, Chlidonias hybridus
  • White-winged Black Tern, Chlidonias leucopterus
  • Black Tern, Chlidonias niger
  • Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus
  • Black Noddy, Anous minutus
  • Brown Noddy, Anous stolidus 


Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Rynchopidae
  • African Skimmer, Rynchops flavirostris


Order: Pterocliformes
Family: Pteroclidae
  • Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse, Pterocles exustus
  • Four-banded Sandgrouse, Pterocles quadricinctus

Doves and pigeons

Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
  • Rock Dove, Columba livia
  • Speckled Pigeon, Columba guinea
  • Eurasian Turtle Dove, Streptopelia turtur
  • Adamawa Turtle Dove, Streptopelia hypopyrrha
  • African Collared Dove, Streptopelia roseogrisea
  • Mourning Collared Dove, Streptopelia decipiens
  • Red-eyed Dove, Streptopelia semitorquata
  • Vinaceous Dove, Streptopelia vinacea
  • Laughing Dove, Streptopelia senegalensis
  • Black-billed Wood Dove, Turtur abyssinicus
  • Blue-spotted Wood Dove, Turtur afer
  • Namaqua Dove, Oena capensis
  • Bruce's Green Pigeon, Treron waalia
  • African Green Pigeon, Treron calva




Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
  • Rose-ringed Parakeet, Psittacula krameri
  • Grey-headed Parrot, Poicephalus robustus
  • Senegal Parrot, Poicephalus senegalus


Order: Cuculiformes
Family: Musophagidae
  • Guinea Turaco, Tauraco persa
  • Violet Turaco, Musophaga violacea
  • Western Grey Plantain-eater, Crinifer piscator


Order: Cuculiformes
Family: Cuculidae
  • Pied Cuckoo, Clamator jacobinus
  • Levaillant's Cuckoo, Clamator levaillantii
  • Great Spotted Cuckoo, Clamator glandarius
  • Red-chested Cuckoo, Cuculus solitarius
  • Black Cuckoo, Cuculus clamosus
  • Common Cuckoo, Cuculus canorus
  • African Cuckoo, Cuculus gularis
  • Klaas's Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx klaas
  • African Emerald Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx cupreus
  • Dideric Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx caprius
  • Yellowbill, Ceuthmochares aereus
  • Black Coucal, Centropus grillii
  • Senegal Coucal, Centropus senegalensis



Barn Owl

Order: Strigiformes
Family: Tytonidae
  • Barn Owl, Tyto alba

True Owls

Order: Strigiformes
Family: Strigidae
  • African Scops Owl, Otus senegalensis
  • European Scops Owl, Otus scops
  • White-faced Scops Owl, Ptilopsis leucotis
  • Greyish Eagle-Owl, Bubo cinerascens
  • Verreaux's Eagle-Owl, Bubo lacteus
  • Pel's Fishing-Owl, Scotopelia peli
  • African Wood Owl, Strix woodfordii
  • Pearl-spotted Owlet, Glaucidium perlatum
  • Marsh Owl, Asio capensis


Order: Caprimulgiformes
Family: Caprimulgidae
  • Red-necked Nightjar, Caprimulgus ruficollis
  • Eurasian Nightjar, Caprimulgus europaeus
  • Swamp Nightjar, Caprimulgus natalensis
  • Plain Nightjar, Caprimulgus inornatus
  • Long-tailed Nightjar, Caprimulgus climacurus
  • Pennant-winged Nightjar, Macrodipteryx vexillarius
  • Standard-winged Nightjar, Macrodipteryx longipennis


Order: Apodiformes
Family: Apodidae
  • Mottled Spinetail, Telacanthura ussheri
  • African Palm-Swift, Cypsiurus parvus
  • Alpine Swift, Tachymarptis melba
  • Common Swift, Apus apus
  • Pallid Swift, Apus pallidus
  • Little Swift, Apus affinis
  • White-rumped Swift, Apus caffer




Order: Coliiformes
Family: Coliidae
  • Blue-naped Mousebird, Urocolius macrourus


Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
  • Shining Blue Kingfisher, Alcedo quadribrachys
  • Malachite Kingfisher, Alcedo cristata
  • African Pygmy-Kingfisher, Ispidina picta
  • Grey-headed Kingfisher, Halcyon leucocephala
  • Woodland Kingfisher, Halcyon senegalensis
  • Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Halcyon malimbica
  • Striped Kingfisher, Halcyon chelicuti
  • Giant Kingfisher, Megaceryle maxima
  • Pied Kingfisher, Ceryle rudis


Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Meropidae
  • Red-throated Bee-eater, Merops bulocki
  • Little Bee-eater, Merops pusillus
  • Swallow-tailed Bee-eater, Merops hirundineus
  • White-throated Bee-eater, Merops albicollis
  • Little Green Bee-eater, Merops orientalis
  • Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Merops persicus
  • European Bee-eater, Merops apiaster
  • Northern Carmine Bee-eater, Merops nubicus


Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Coraciidae
  • GEuropean Roller, Coracias garrulus
  • Abyssinian Roller, Coracias abyssinica
  • Rufous-crowned Roller, Coracias naevia
  • Blue-bellied Roller, Coracias cyanogaster
  • Broad-billed Roller, Eurystomus glaucurus




Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Upupidae
  • Eurasian Hoopoe, Upupa epops


Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Phoeniculidae
  • Green Woodhoopoe, Phoeniculus purpureus
  • Black Woodhoopoe, Rhinopomastus aterrimus


Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Bucerotidae
  • Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus erythrorhynchus
  • African Pied Hornbill, Tockus fasciatus
  • African Grey Hornbill, Tockus nasutus
  • Abyssinian Ground-hornbill, Bucorvus abyssinicus


Order: Piciformes
Family: Capitonidae
  • Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Pogoniulus bilineatus
  • Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird, Pogoniulus chrysoconus
  • Vieillot's Barbet, Lybius vieilloti
  • Bearded Barbet, Lybius dubius




Order: Piciformes
Family: Indicatoridae
  • Spotted Honeyguide, Indicator maculatus
  • Greater Honeyguide, Indicator indicator
  • Lesser Honeyguide, Indicator minor


Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
  • Eurasian Wryneck, Jynx torquilla
  • Fine-spotted Woodpecker, Campethera punctuligera
  • Golden-tailed Woodpecker, Campethera abingoni
  • Buff-spotted Woodpecker, Campethera nivosa
  • Little Grey Woodpecker, Dendropicos elachus
  • Cardinal Woodpecker, Dendropicos fuscescens
  • Grey Woodpecker, Dendropicos goertae
  • Brown-backed Woodpecker, Dendropicos obsoletus


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
  • Singing Bushlark, Mirafra cantillans
  • Flappet Lark, Mirafra rufocinnamomea
  • Rufous-rumped Lark, Pinarocorys erythropygia
  • Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
  • Chestnut-backed Sparrow-Lark, Eremopterix leucotis
  • Crested Lark, Galerida cristata
  • Sun Lark, Galerida modesta
  • Temminck's Horned Lark, Eremophila bilopha



Swallows and martins

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Hirundinidae
  • Sand Martin, Riparia riparia
  • Plain Martin, Riparia paludicola
  • Banded Martin, Riparia cincta
  • Grey-rumped Swallow, Hirundo griseopyga
  • Crag Martin, Hirundo rupestris
  • Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
  • Red-chested Swallow, Hirundo lucida
  • Wire-tailed Swallow, Hirundo smithii
  • Pied-winged Swallow, Hirundo leucosoma
  • Lesser Striped Swallow, Hirundo abyssinica
  • Rufous-chested Swallow, Hirundo semirufa
  • Mosque Swallow, Hirundo senegalensis
  • Red-rumped Swallow, Hirundo daurica
  • House Martin, Delichon urbica
  • Fanti Sawwing, Psalidoprocne obscura

Wagtails and pipits

Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Bucerotidae
  • Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus erythrorhynchus
  • African Pied Hornbill, Tockus fasciatus
  • African Grey Hornbill, Tockus nasutus
  • Abyssinian Ground-hornbill, Bucorvus abyssinicus


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Campephagidae
  • White-breasted Cuckoo-shrike, Coracina pectoralis
  • Red-shouldered Cuckoo-shrike, Campephaga phoenicea

Bulbuls, greenbuls, bristlebills and nicators

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
  • Common Bulbul, Pycnonotus barbatus
  • Little Greenbul, Andropadus virens
  • Yellow-throated Leaflove, Chlorocichla flavicollis
  • Swamp Palm Greenbul, Thescelocichla leucopleura
  • Leaf-love, Phyllastrephus scandens
  • Grey-headed Bristlebill, Bleda canicapilla
  • Western Nicator, Nicator chloris




Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
  • Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush, Monticola saxatilis
  • Blue Rock Thrush, Monticola solitarius
  • African Thrush, Turdus pelios


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Cisticolidae
  • Red-faced Cisticola, Cisticola erythrops
  • Singing Cisticola, Cisticola cantans
  • Whistling Cisticola, Cisticola lateralis
  • Plaintive Cisticola, Cisticola dorsti
  • Winding Cisticola, Cisticola galactotes
  • Croaking Cisticola, Cisticola natalensis
  • Siffling Cisticola, Cisticola brachypterus
  • Rufous Cisticola, Cisticola rufus
  • Zitting Cisticola, Cisticola juncidis
  • Desert Cisticola, Cisticola aridulus
  • Black-backed Cisticola, Cisticola eximius
  • Tawny-flanked Prinia, Prinia subflava
  • River Prinia, Prinia fluviatilis
  • Red-winged Prinia, Prinia erythroptera
  • Yellow-breasted Apalis, Apalis flavida
  • Oriole Warbler, Hypergerus atriceps
  • Grey-backed Camaroptera, Camaroptera brachyura
  • Olive-green Camaroptera, Camaroptera chloronota

Old World warblers

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Sylviidae
  • African Moustached Warbler, Melocichla mentalis
  • Grasshopper Warbler, Locustella naevia
  • Sedge Warbler, Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
  • Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus scirpaceus
  • African Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus baeticatus
  • Great Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus arundinaceus
  • Greater Swamp-Warbler, Acrocephalus rufescens
  • Eastern Olivaceous Warbler, Hippolais pallida
  • Melodious Warbler, Hippolais polyglotta
  • Icterine Warbler, Hippolais icterina
  • Senegal Eremomela, Eremomela pusilla
  • Green-backed Eremomela, Eremomela canescens
  • Green Crombec, Sylvietta virens
  • Lemon-bellied Crombec, Sylvietta denti
  • Northern Crombec, Sylvietta brachyura
  • Green Hylia, Hylia prasina
  • Willow Warbler, Phylloscopus trochilus
  • Common Chiffchaff, Phylloscopus collybita
  • Western Bonelli's Warbler, Phylloscopus bonelli
  • Wood Warbler, Phylloscopus sibilatrix
  • Yellow-browed Warbler, Phylloscopus inornatus
  • Yellow-bellied Hyliota, Hyliota flavigaster
  • Blackcap, Sylvia atricapilla
  • Garden Warbler, Sylvia borin
  • Whitethroat, Sylvia communis
  • Lesser Whitethroat, Sylvia curruca
  • Western Orphean Warbler, Sylvia hortensis
  • Subalpine Warbler, Sylvia cantillans
  • Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata
  • Rüppell's Warbler Sylvia rueppelli

Old World flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
  • Pale Flycatcher, Bradornis pallidus
  • Northern Black Flycatcher, Melaenornis edolioides
  • Spotted Flycatcher, Muscicapa striata
  • Swamp Flycatcher, Muscicapa aquatica
  • Grey Tit-flycatcher, Myioparus plumbeus
  • European Pied Flycatcher, Ficedula hypoleuca
  • Nightingale, Luscinia megarhynchos
  • Bluethroat, Luscinia svecica
  • Snowy-crowned Robin-chat, Cossypha niveicapilla
  • White-crowned Robin-chat, Cossypha albicapilla
  • Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin, Cercotrichas galactotes
  • Common Redstart, Phoenicurus phoenicurus
  • Whinchat, Saxicola rubetra
  • Northern Wheatear, Oenanthe oenanthe
  • Black-eared Wheatear, Oenanthe hispanica
  • Isabelline Wheatear, Oenanthe isabellina
  • Blackstart, Cercomela melanura
  • Northern Anteater-chat, Myrmecocichla aethiops
  • White-fronted Black-chat, Myrmecocichla albifrons



Order: Passeriformes
Family: Platysteiridae
  • African Shrike-flycatcher, Megabyas flammulatus
  • Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcher, Bias musicus
  • Brown-throated Wattle-eye, Platysteira cyanea
  • Senegal Batis, Batis senegalensis


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Monarchidae
  • African Blue-flycatcher, Elminia longicauda
  • Black-headed Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone rufiventer
  • African Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone viridis

Old World babblers

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Timaliidae
  • Puvel's Illadopsis, Illadopsis puveli
  • Blackcap Babbler, Turdoides reinwardtii
  • Brown Babbler, Turdoides plebejus
  • Capuchin Babbler, Phyllanthus atripennis


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
  • White-winged Black Tit, Melaniparus leucomelas


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Certhiidae
  • Spotted Creeper, Salpornis spilonotus


Penduline Tits

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Remizidae
  • Yellow Penduline-tit, Anthoscopus parvulus


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Platysteiridae
  • African Shrike-flycatcher, Megabyas flammulatus
  • Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcher, Bias musicus
  • Brown-throated Wattle-eye, Platysteira cyanea
  • Senegal Batis, Batis senegalensis


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Zosteropidae
  • African Yellow White-eye, Zosterops senegalensis


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Oriolidae
  • Eurasian Golden Oriole, Oriolus oriolus
  • African Golden Oriole, Oriolus auratus


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Laniidae
  • Isabelline Shrike, Lanius isabellinus
  • Southern Grey Shrike, Lanius meridionalis
  • Woodchat Shrike, Lanius senator
  • Yellow-billed Shrike, Corvinella corvina



Order: Passeriformes
Family: Malaconotidae
  • Brubru, Nilaus afer
  • Northern Puffback, Dryoscopus gambensis
  • Black-crowned Tchagra, Tchagra senegala
  • Yellow-crowned Gonolek, Laniarius barbarus
  • Sulphur-breasted Bushshrike, Telophorus sulfureopectus
  • Grey-headed Bushshrike, Malaconotus blanchoti


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Prionopidae
  • White Helmetshrike, Prionops plumatus


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Dicruridae
  • Square-tailed Drongo, Dicrurus ludwigii
  • Fork-tailed Drongo, Dicrurus adsimilis

Piapiac, crows and ravens

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Corvidae
  • Piapiac, Ptilostomus afer
  • Pied Crow, Corvus albus
  • Brown-necked Raven, Corvus ruficollis


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Starlings
  • Wattled Starling, Creatophora cinerea
  • Greater Blue-eared Glossy Starling, Lamprotornis chalybaeus
  • Lesser Blue-eared Glossy-starling, Lamprotornis chloropterus
  • Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling, Lamprotornis chalcurus
  • Splendid Glossy-starling, Lamprotornis splendidus
  • Purple Glossy Starling, Lamprotornis purpureus
  • Long-tailed Glossy Starling, Lamprotornis caudatus
  • Chestnut-bellied Starling, Lamprotornis pulcher
  • Violet-backed Starling, Cinnyricinclus leucogaster
  • Yellow-billed Oxpecker, Buphagus africanus




Order: Passeriformes
Family: Ploceidae
  • White-billed Buffalo Weaver, Bubalornis albirostris
  • Speckle-fronted Weaver, Sporopipes frontalis
  • Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weaver, Plocepasser superciliosus
  • Little Weaver, Ploceus luteolus
  • Black-necked Weaver, Ploceus nigricollis
  • Heuglin's Masked Weaver, Ploceus heuglini
  • Vitelline Masked Weaver, Ploceus velatus
  • Village Weaver, Ploceus cucullatus
  • Vieillot's Weaver, Ploceus nigerrimus
  • Yellow-backed Weaver, Ploceus melanocephalus
  • Blue-billed Malimbe, Malimbus nitens
  • Red-headed Weaver, Anaplectes rubriceps
  • Red-headed Quelea, Quelea erythrops
  • Red-billed Quelea, Quelea quelea
  • Yellow-crowned Bishop, Euplectes afer
  • Black-winged Bishop, Euplectes hordeaceus
  • Northern Red Bishop, Euplectes franciscanus
  • Yellow-mantled Widowbird, Euplectes macrourus
  • Red-collared Widowbird, Euplectes ardens
  • Parasitic Weaver, Anomalospiza imberbis

Estrildid finches

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Estrildidae
  • Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch, Nigrita bicolor
  • Grey-headed Oliveback, Nesocharis capistrata
  • Red-winged Pytilia, Pytilia phoenicoptera
  • Green-winged Pytilia, Pytilia melba
  • Crimson Seedcracker, Pyrenestes sanguineus
  • Western Bluebill, Spermophaga haematina
  • Bar-breasted Firefinch, Lagonosticta rufopicta
  • Red-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta senegala
  • Black-faced Firefinch, Lagonosticta larvata
  • Red-cheeked Cordonbleu, Uraeginthus bengalus
  • Lavender Waxbill, Estrilda caerulescens
  • Orange-cheeked Waxbill, Estrilda melpoda
  • Black-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda troglodytes
  • Zebra Waxbill, Amandava subflava
  • African Quailfinch, Ortygospiza atricollis
  • African Silverbill, Lonchura cantans
  • Bronze Mannikin, Lonchura cucullata
  • Magpie Mannikin, Lonchura fringilloides
  • Cut-throat, Amadina fasciata

Indigobirds and whydahs

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Viduidae
  • Village Indigobird, Vidua chalybeata
  • Baka Indigobird, Vidua larvaticola
  • Quailfinch Indigobird, Vidua nigeriae
  • Cameroon Indigobird, Vidua camerunensis
  • Pin-tailed Whydah, Vidua macroura
  • Exclamatory Paradise Whydah, Vidua interjecta
  • Northern Paradise Whydah, Vidua orientalis


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Emberizidae
  • Ortolan Bunting, Emberiza hortulana
  • House Bunting, Emberiza striolata
  • Cinnamon-breasted Bunting, Emberiza tahapisi
  • Brown-rumped Bunting, Emberiza affinis


Canaries and seedeaters

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
  • White-rumped Seedeater, Serinus leucopygius
  • Yellow-fronted Canary, Serinus mozambicus


Order: Passeriformes
Family: Passeridae
  • House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  • Grey-headed Sparrow, Passer griseus
  • Sudan Golden Sparrow, Passer luteus
  • Bush Petronia, Petronia dentata